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RCCG YAYA SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHER’S MANUAL SUNDAY 27TH OF AUGUST, 2023 QUARTERLY REVIEW

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RCCG YAYA SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHER’S MANUAL

SUNDAY 27TH OF AUGUST, 2023

LESSON FIFTY TWO (52)

TOPIC: 4TH INTERACTIVE SESSION AND QUARTERLY REVIEW

SUMMARY OF LESSONS 40-51

LESSON FORTY (40)
TOPIC: DYNAMICS OF GRACE (PART 1)
BIBLE PASSAGE: Ephesians 4:2-10
MEMORY VERSE: “For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men” Titus 2:11 (NKJV).
INTRODUCTION: The word translated ‘Grace’ in Hebrew is ‘chen’ which means to bend or stoop in kindness to another as a superior to an inferior (Gen.6:8). The Greek word for Grace is “charis” which connotes something beyond the ordinary course of what can be expected and therefore commendable (1Cor.15:10).
When used in reference to God, it is the benevolent action of Him stooping down to us in kindness to reach us in our needs and convey upon us a benefit. His grace has been termed ‘unmerited favour’ but it is more than an attitude of favour or mercy.
OUTLINES:
1. UNDERSTANDING GRACE
2. HOW TO RECEIVE GRACE
1..UNDERSTANDING GRACE
A. The teacher should ask students to mention what they understand by the term “grace.”
B. The teacher should explain the meaning of grace in the light of the following:
i. Grace is God’s favour towards the unworthy or His benevolence on the undeserving. Rom. 8:5-10.
ii. Grace is God’s favour translated into action that releases the enabling power into our lives. 1Cor.15:10.
iii. Grace is God’s gift of salvation for mankind. Eph. 2:8; Titus 2:11.
iv. Grace is the enabling power of God for service. Eph. 3:7-8; 4:7.
v. Grace is the virtue which believers manifest. 2Cor. 8:7.
vi. Grace is the benediction which believers enjoy in Christ. Eph. 6:24.
vii. Grace is the divine help which believers receive in the time of need. Phil. 4:19; Heb. 4:16.
viii. Grace is the divine ability to do exploits. Dan. 11:32; Phil. 4:13.
ix. Grace is the appearance of kindness and the love of God our Saviour towards man. Titus 2:11; 3:4.
C. The teacher should identify some significant differences between the law in the Old Testament and grace in the New Testament as stated below:
i. The law blessed “the good” in the Old Testament but grace save “the bad” in the New Testament.
ii. The law accuses and convicts the offenders in the Old Testament but grace cancels bonds and relieves the debtor. Rom. 6:14.
D. The teacher should point out that the difference between Mercy and Grace is that mercy withholds a punishment we deserve; grace gives a blessing we do not deserve.
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: The class should discuss the relationship among “Law” “Grace” and “Mercy.”
2. HOW TO RECEIVE GRACE
The teacher should enumerate the following ways by which grace can be received as indicated below:
i. By accepting God’s love towards all men. John. 3:16; Rom. 5:8.
ii. By believing in the Lord Jesus Christ (Rom. 10:9-10) through God’s mercy and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit. 1Tim. 1:13; Heb. 4:16; Matt. 9:13.
iii. By exercising our faith (no matter how little) at all times. Matt. 17:20; Rom. 1:17.
iv. By being humble before God. James 4:6; 1Pet. 5:5.
v. By loving the Lord Jesus with all our hearts. Eph. 6:24.
vi. Through sufferings and trials arranged for us by God. Rom. 8:28; 1Pet. 5:10; 2Cor. 12:9.
vii. Through the prophetic words of prayer contained in the Bible or spoken to us by our spiritual heads and fellow believers in Christ. Ps. 107:20; Acts 20:32; 2Tim. 4:22; 1Thess. 1:1.
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: The class should discuss the benefits of grace upon the believers.
*LESSON FORTY ONE (41)*
*TOPIC: DYNAMICS OF GRACE (PART 2)*
MEMORY VERSE: “Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us have grace, by which we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear.” Hebrews 12:28 (NKJV).
BIBLE PASSAGE: 2 Corinthians 8:6-9
INTRODUCTION: In addition to the description of ‘Grace’ given in the previous lesson, Grace can also be referred to as the divine influence in a human heart that reflects on the outside. It produces favour, beauty, goodwill, loveliness, and ability. It increases as one grows in the knowledge of God’s word (2 Pet.3:18). We shall therefore consider the various dimensions of grace mentioned in the Bible as well as some actions that can be taken with or against grace.
OUTLINES:
1. DIMENSIONS OF GRACE
2. WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH/AGAINST GRACE
1. DIMENSIONS OF GRACE
The teacher should give the following Scriptures to the students and ask them to identify the types/dimension of grace they contain.
i. Psalms 145:9; Matt. 5:45. (Common Grace).
ii. Eph. 2:4-9; Titus 2:11. (Saving Grace).
iii. 2 Cor. 4:15. (Abundant Grace).
iv. Titus 2:12; 1Jh. 2:15-16. (Sanctifying Grace).
v. Rom. 6:14; Jude 1:24-25. (Sustaining Grace).
vi. Phil. 4:13; Luke 1:37. (Supernatural/Enabling Grace).
vii. Rom. 12:6; Eph. 4:7. (Service/Gifting Grace).
viii. 2 Cor. 9:8; 1Pet. 5:10. (Sufficient Grace).
ix. 1 Sam.17:36-37. (Victorious Grace).
x. Gen. 22:9-10; 2 Cor. 12:15. (Sacrificial Grace).
xi. Acts 4:33. (Great Grace).
xii. 1 Cor. 9:27. (Eternal Grace).
The teacher should summarize this outline by stating that the access key to the grace is the degree of one’s connection with Christ and the desire to grow in Him. John 15:5; Phil. 4:13; 2 Pet. 3:18:
2. WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH/AGAINST GRACE
A. WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH GRACE
Teacher should let the class know that there are lots of benefits that a believer can derive from grace apart from salvation.
i. You can attract blessings through grace (Acts 4:23; Psalm 84:11).
ii. Grace can impact faith (Acts 18:27).
iii. Grace can make one to become God’s elect (Rom.11:5).
iv. You can become bold/courageous through grace (1 Cor. 15:10).
v. Believers receive call into ministry by grace (Gal 1:15).
vi. Through grace, believers render acceptable services to God (Heb. 12:28).
vii. Through grace, believers can give right answers to questions or human riddles; It seasons our speech (Col. 4:6).
viii. Grace gives strength to believers (2 Tim. 2:1).
ix. Grace gives help in the time of needs (Heb. 4:16).
x. Grace brings hope (2Thes. 2:16).
B. WHAT YOU SHOULD NOT DO WITH GRACE
i. Do not receive grace in vain (2 Cor. 6:1).
ii. Do not frustrate grace in your life (Gal. 2:21).
iii. Do not fall from grace (Gal. 1:6-8; 5:4).
iv. Do not fail of the grace of God (Heb. 12:15).
v. Do not turn grace into lasciviousness (Jude 4).
vi. Do not continue in sin in spite of grace (Rom. 6:1).
vii. Do not reject grace through pride (James 4:6).
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: What should you do and not do to grace?
*LESSON FORTY TWO (42)*
*TOPIC: PLUGGED-IN KNEES*
BIBLE PASSAGE: Luke 22:39-46.
MEMORY VERSE: “And when He had sent the multitudes away, He went up on the mountain by Himself to pray. Now when evening came, He was alone there.’’ Matthew 14:23 (NKJV).
INTRODUCTION: ‘Plugged-in knees’ simply refer to a life of constant prayers. A consistent and persistent prayer life was a regular practice and more of a lifestyle by our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. This exercise was pressed upon us more frequently by our Saviour, thus He encouraged His disciples to be fervent, consistent, and persevere in the place of prayer (Lk.18:1). He even propounded the parable of an unjust judge, who was overcome by an unrelenting widow, to do her justice contrary to his own inclination (Lk.18:1-7).
OUTLINES:
1. THE NEED FOR PERSISTENT PRAYERS
2. HOW TO PRAY REGULARLY
1. THE NEED FOR PERSISTENT PRAYERS
‘Plugged-in’ is to engage wholeheartedly in a task or to be connected. The need for ceaseless prayers is therefore emphasised in the Bible (1Thess.5:17) for various reasons.
Some of the needs for persistent prayers include:
i. To keep the communication line between God and His children open (Ps.55:17).
ii. To be filled with the power of the Holy Ghost and be bold (Acts 4:31).
iii. To be guided when there is a need to take a decision (Acts 1:24) or find direction (Gen.24:12).
iv. For believers in Christ to enjoy the fullness of joy promised them by God all the time (Jn.16:23-24).
v. To remain standing, though the days are evil (Eph.5:16) and full of sin, error, subtle heretical seducers, and sharp persecutions (2 Tim.3:13-14; Matt.24:12-13).
vi. To stay connected to the parent stock, as a branch, and be fruitful. (Jn.15:5-6).
vii. To be able to withstand and confront the forces of wickedness that sought to destroy God’s children (Eph.6:12-13).
viii. To cast out unclean spirits (Matt.17:19-21).
ix. For restoration (Judg.16:28) and when agonised (1Sam.1:10).
x. To bring the flesh under (Matt.26:41; 2 Cor.10:3-5) and always look up unto God (Ps.5:3).
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: Students should discuss why they find it difficult to pray persistently.
2. HOW TO PRAY REGULARLY
Praying regularly requires the following among others:
i. We pray frequently when we take prayer as a daily task (Ps.141:2).
ii. Deliberately pray in the Spirit (Eph.6:18; Jude 20).
iii. Live in the reality, that there is a need to pray without ceasing (1Thess.5:17; Mk.14:38).
iv. Put God first on any issue by contacting Him through prayers (Ps.37:3-5).
v. Be actively involved in praying regularly for others (Col.1:9).
vi. We must give ourselves to prayers (Ps.109:4).
vii. Delight in God when praying (Job 22:26-27).
viii. Pray with confidence believing that God hears and answers prayers (1Jn.5:14-15).
ix. Pray everywhere – even in seemingly odd places like the kitchen, bus, street, playground, toilet, etc. (1Tim.2:8).
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: Are there places or situations a Christian cannot pray?
*LESSON FORTY THREE (43)*
*TOPIC: BIBLICAL FAST*
MEMORY VERSE: “Then I set my face toward the Lord God to make request by prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes.” Daniel 9:3 (NKJV).
BIBLE PASSAGE: Daniel 10:2-3
INTRODUCTION: Fasting, in the Bible, is total abstinence from pleasure-giving activities for a set time for the purpose of devoting oneself to seeking God. While there are many ways believers could fast, too often the focus is on abstinence from food. In this lesson, we shall examine different types of biblical fast, basic cautions, and reasons for fasting.
OUTLINES:
1. TYPES OF FAST IN THE BIBLE
2. REASONS AND BASIC CAUTIONS
1. TYPES OF FAST IN THE BIBLE
Teachers should emphasise the following types of fast in the bible:
A. Food fast – This is abstinence from food/drinks. It may take the form of:
i. Regular fast: This is done by abstaining from all food, both solid and liquid. (2Chron.20:3). The fast is usually broken daily or periodically (Jer. 36:6).
ii. Partial fast: This is inspired by Prophet Daniel. All meat and animal products are disallowed. The Daniel Fast includes vegetables, legumes, whole grains, seeds, and water. These guidelines are based on Daniel’s request of “nothing but vegetables to eat and water to drink” (Dan. 1:8-14).
iii. Absolute or full fast: Where no food or water is consumed (Esth. 4:16; Acts 27:33). For instance, Moses, Elijah, and the Lord Jesus Christ did forty days absolute fast (Deut. 9:9; 1Kgs.19:7-8; Lk.4:2).
B. Sex fast: The Bible also makes reference to ‘sexual fast’ in Exodus 19:15. Married couples can mutually agree to abstain from sex for a short period of time in order to devote themselves to prayers (1Cor.7:5).
C. ‘Pleasure’ fast: Another way is to confine or isolate oneself from people and pleasurable things to a place as a means of worship, studying the Bible, and praying to God for a purpose (Lk.2:36-37; 5:16).Time alone with God requires discipline and avoidance of distractions.
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: Students should mention which of these fast they have had.
2..REASONS AND BASIC CAUTIONS
A. Fasting is far more about focus on God than abstinence from food or other things that give pleasure (Zech.7:5). People fast for various reasons, here are some of them:
i. Spiritual strength (Isa.40:30-31).
ii. Supernatural revelation, wisdom and understanding (Ezr.8:21; Dan.9:22).
iii. Supernatural breakthrough (Zech.8;19).
iv. Repentance from sinful ways (Joel 2:12-13; Dan.9:3-5).
v. Spiritual hunger and demonstration of love for God’s people and burden for souls (2 Cor.11:27-28; Matt.5:6).
vi. Sharing with the poor and destruction of wicked works (Isa.58:6-7).
vii. Subduing of the flesh (1 Cor.9:27).
viii. Bridling of the tongue, taming of the temper and moving ‘stubborn mountains’ (Matt.17:14-21).
B. Believers should exercise some caution while fasting. For instance;
i. Fasting should be limited to a set time and for a clear purpose (1Cor.7:5; Esth.4:16).
ii. It is neither intended to punish the body nor a dieting method (Isa.58:5) but to redirect attention to God.
iii. It is a period to give up self – indulging activities – for a deeper fellowship with God (Matt.4:1-2).
C. Believers should take note of the following:
i. Anyone can fast, but some may not be able to fast from food, maybe for health related issues.
ii. However, everyone can temporarily give up something in order to draw closer to God (Ex.19:15).
iii. Biblical fast is to be done in a spirit of humility and joyfulness (Matt. 6:16-18).
iv. It should not be to manipulate God or do evil (Isa.58:4; Acts 23:21).
v. In breaking an ‘absolute and long fast,’ warm liquids, (not carbonated drinks) are advised and should be taken in bits.
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: Does inability to spend quality time in prayer nullify fast?
*LESSON FORTY FOUR (44)*
*TOPIC: REPROBACY*
BIBLE PASSAGE: Romans 1:18-25
MEMORY VERSE: “Now as Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, disapproved concerning the faith.” 2 Timothy 3:8 (NKJV).
INTRODUCTION: Reprobacy is the state or character of being a reprobate. A reprobate is an unprincipled or depraved person. The Greek word translated “reprobate” in the New Testament is ‘adokimos,’ which literally means “unapproved, i.e. rejected; by implication, worthless.” It is that which is rejected on account of its own worthlessness (Jer.6:30). Many people have wondered if at this point a person may be beyond hope. It is imperative, therefore, for believers to study the nature and dangers of reprobacy.
OUTLINES:
1. THE NATURE OF REPROBATES
2. DANGERS OF REPROBACY
1. THE NATURE OF REPROBATES
The teacher should identify the nature of reprobates as indicated below:
i. They desire to suppress the truth with wickedness. Rom. 1:18.
ii. They deliberately reject God in their imaginations and actions. Rom. 1:21, Titus 1:16.
iii. They worship the creature rather than the Creator. Rom. 1:23-25, Jer. 10:14.
iv. They commit all manner of sins and have no limits or restrictions on sinful behaviours. Rom. 1:29-31; Eph. 5:3.
v. They are wicked and encourage people to join their wicked ways. Rom. 1:32; Psalm 50:18.
vi. They are guided by the flesh and do not possess the Holy Spirit. Titus 1:16.
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: What can true believers do to win the reprobates to Christ?
2. DANGERS OF REPROBACY
A. The Almighty God warns His children against drifting into reprobacy. 2 Pet. 3:9; Rom. 1:28.
B. The teacher should identify the dangers of becoming a reprobate as indicated below:
i. Reprobates will face the wrath of God. Rom. 1:18.
ii. They become unclean and dishonour their bodies between themselves. Rom. 1:24
iii. They practice vile affections e.g. homosexuality, bestiality, etc. Rom. 1:26.
iv. They do those things which are not convenient. Rom. 1:28.
v. Reprobates are filled with all unrighteousness. Rom. 1:29-31.
vi. They ignore impending judgment and continue in sin. Rom. 1:32.
C. Question: Is there hope for a reprobate?
Answer: Yes, but based on the following conditions:
i. The reprobate should genuinely return to God who is willing to accept him/her. Isa. 1:18; John 6:37.
ii. They should repent of their sins. Luke 13:5, 2Pet. 3:9.
iii. They should ask God for mercy. Psalm 51:1; 51:17; Isa. 55:7; Rom. 10:13.
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: Why are there so many reprobates around us?
SUMMARY: God wants reprobate to repent.
*LESSON FORTY FIVE (45)*
*TOPIC: RENOUNCING THE FAITH*
BIBLE PASSAGE: Hebrews 6:4-6
MEMORY VERSE: “Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace?” Hebrews 10:29 (NKJV).
INTRODUCTION: Renouncing one’s faith is ‘apostasy.’ The term apostasy comes from the Greek word ‘apostasia’ meaning ‘defection,’ ‘departure,’ ‘revolt’ or ‘rebellion.’ Apostasy is the formal disaffiliation from, abandonment of, or renunciation of a religion by a person. It can also be defined within the broader context of embracing an opinion that is contrary to one’s previous religious beliefs. It is an act of refusing to continue to follow, obey, or recognise a religious faith. One who undertakes apostasy is known as an apostate.
OUTLINES:
1. THE CHARACTERISTICS
2. THE DANGER AND HOPE
1. THE CHARACTERISTICS
The teacher should emphasise the following:
A. Forms of apostasy;
i. In the context of the Christian faith, there are two main forms of Apostasy:
ii. One is a falling away from key and true doctrines of the Bible into heretical teachings that claim to be “the real” Christian doctrine;
iii. The other, is a complete renunciation of the Christian faith, which results in a full abandonment of Christ (Heb.10:29).
B. Description of apostasy:
Jude’s description of the character of the first Century apostates explains why he so strongly opposed them. Some believers today are towing the paths of the apostates of Jude’s day;
i. they are ignoring scriptural warnings of past judgments on sins (Rom.15:4) such as that of unbelieving Israelites, fallen Angels (Jude 6; 2 Pet.2:4), Sodom and Gomorrah (Jude 7; Gen.19:24-25).
ii. They become ungodly by moral perversion, defilement of the flesh and rebellion.
iii. They boldly speak evil against people and things they do not understand such as Spiritual beings and dignitaries (Jude 8-10).
iv. They are ignorant about God; proclaiming false visions, self-destructive, grumbling, fault finding, self-satisfying, using arrogant words and false flattery.
v. They make a mockery of God (Jude 15-18).
vi. They ignore God and His word like Cain; they practice greed and deceit like Balaam, and rebel against spiritual authorities like Korah (Jude 11).
vii. Apostates are sensual (Jude 19). They deny the Lordship of Jesus Christ (Titus 1:15-16).
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: The class should discuss the problems an apostate could bring to the body of Christ in particular and the society at large.
2. THE DANGER AND HOPE
A. DANGER
i. The apostate would eventually fall away and depart from the truth of God’s word and His righteousness. 1John 2:19.
ii. It can be deduced from Hebrews 6:4-6 that it is impossible to restore apostates back to the faith (by human efforts).
B. HOPE FOR AN APOSTATE
i. The apostate can still return to God who can do all things. Luke 1:37; Jer. 32:27
ii. The apostate who repents of his/her apostasy and humbly and genuinely call on God will receive forgiveness. 2Chro. 7:14; 2Cor. 7:10; 1John 1:9.
C. CAUTION
i. Every believer must pray for discernment, combat apostasy, and contend earnestly for the faith that was once and for all delivered to the saints
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: The class should discuss how a true believer can guard against sliding into apostasy.
*LESSON FORTY SIX (46)*
*TOPIC: CONSCIENCE*
BIBLE PASSAGE: Romans 2:1-15.
MEMORY VERSE:
“This being so, I myself always strive to have a conscience without offense toward God and men.” Acts 24:16 (NJKV).
INTRODUCTION: The Greek word translated “conscience” in all New Testament references is suneidēsis, meaning “moral awareness” or “moral consciousness.” The conscience is defined as that part of the human psyche that induces mental anguish and feelings of guilt when we violate it and feelings of pleasure and well-being when our actions, thoughts, and words are in conformity to our value systems (Jn.8:9).
OUTLINES:
1. THE CONCEPT OF CONSCIENCE
2. CLASSES OF CONSCIENCE
1. THE CONCEPT OF CONSCIENCE
Teacher should emphasise the fundamental truths about conscience as stated below:
A. The New Testament concept of conscience is more individual in nature and involves three major truths.
i. First, conscience is a God-given capacity for human beings to exercise self-evaluation (Acts 23:1; 24:16).
ii. Second, the conscience is a witness (Rom.2:14-15; Rom.9:1) and a base for holiness and sincerity (2Cor.1:12). It witnesses both before God and men (2Cor.5:11).
iii. Third, the conscience is a servant of the individual’s value system. An immature or weak value system produces a weak conscience, while a fully informed value system produces a strong sense of right and wrong.
B. In a Christian’s life, the conscience can be driven by an inadequate understanding of scriptural truths and can produce feelings of guilt and shame disproportionate to the issues at hand. Maturing in the faith strengthens the conscience.
CLASS ACTIVITY 1:
Students should discuss what their experiences have been with their conscience.
2. CLASSES OF CONSCIENCE
Teacher should identify the kinds of conscience and their impacts:
A. Seared with hot iron: The New Testament identified a conscience that is “seared” or rendered insensitive as though it had been burnt with a hot iron (1Tim.4:1-2). Such a conscience is hardened and calloused, no longer feeling anything.
Impacts: A person with a seared conscience no longer listens to its promptings and can commit sin with recklessness, deceive himself into thinking all is well with his soul, and treat others insensitively and without compassion (Exo.5:1-9).
B. Clear and right conscience: A clear and right conscience is that inner freedom of spirit that comes from knowing that you are right with God and with other people (Acts 23:1; Matt.5:23-24).
Impacts: As Christians, we are to keep our consciences clear (2Cor.4:2) by obeying God (Ps.119:11) and keeping our relationship with Him in good standing. We do this by the application of His word (Jn.17:17), renewing (Rom.12:2), and by softening our hearts continually.
C. Weak conscience: This conscience is redeemed but can still be influenced by sin and weakened by wrong information. We are to consider those whose consciences are weak by treating them with Christian love and compassion (1Cor.8:12).
Listen to your conscience and do not make excuses for wrongdoings (1 Cor.10:29).
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: What do you understand by a weak conscience?
*LESSON FORTY SEVEN (47)*
*TOPIC: BEWARE OF DECEIT*
BIBLE PASSAGE: Acts 13:6-10
MEMORY VERSE: “Who committed no sin, nor was any deceit found in His mouth;” 1Peter 2:22 (NKJV).
INTRODUCTION: The word deceit is a Greek word ‘Dolos’ derived from ‘Dello’ meaning to bait; this literally refers to a fishhook, trap, or trick which are various forms of deception. Deceit is a deliberate attempt to mislead, trick, snare, or bait other people, by telling lies. Baiting the trap is an attempt to catch the unwary victim. It is a desire to gain an advantage or preserve a position by deceiving others; the intentional misleading or beguiling of another. In the Scriptures, it is categorised with other forms of wickedness, such as cursing (Ps.10:7), hatred (Prov.26:24), theft, covetousness, adultery, and murder (Mk.7:21-22; Rom.1:29).
OUTLINES:
1. ATTRIBUTES OF DECEIVERS
2. BELIEVERS’ DISPOSITION TO DECEIT
1. ATTRIBUTES OF DECEIVERS
Teacher should emphasise as follows:
A. Description: Deceit describes the quality of the man who has a tortuous and a twisted mind; one who cannot act in a straightforward way; someone who stoops to devious and underhand methods to get his own way; a person who never does anything except with some kind of ulterior motives. Deceit is an attempt to trap or to trick and thus involves treachery. Deceit is a lie (Ps.119:118).
B. The Bible clearly states that:
1. Some workers are deceitful (2Cor.11:13; Jer.14:14; 23:26).
2. Hypocrites and false witnesses devise deceit (Job 15:34-35; Prov.12:17).
3. The wicked are full of deceit (Rom.1:29). They devise it (Ps.35:20; Prov.12:5); utter it (Ps.10:7; 36:3); work it (Prov.11:18); increase in it (2Tim.3:13); use it to each other (Jer. 9:5); delight in it (Prov. 20:17).
4. Deceit is a characteristic of the antichrist (2Jn.7).
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: Have you once met a deceitful person? Describe their personality.
2. BELIEVERS’ DISPOSITION TO DECEIT
A. It is necessary to note the following as the sources of deceit:
Deceit comes from the heart (Mk.7:21-22). It is one of the characteristics of an unregenerated heart (Jer.17:9). Deceit leads to lying (Prov.14:25); often accompanied by fraud and injustice (Ps.10:7; 43:1). Hatred is often concealed by deceit (Prov.26:24-26).
B. What should be our disposition to deceit and deceitful people?
Teacher should allow the class to respond to the above question, thereafter provide the answer below:
Answer: Note that;
i. God abhors deceit (Ps.5:6).
ii. Our Lord Jesus Christ was also free from deceit (Isa. 53:9; 1Pet.2:22).
iii. Believers must equally abhor it to enjoy abundant life in Christ (1Pet.3:10; Ps.24:3-4).
iv. We must intentionally go against deceit and avoid it (Job 27:4; 31:5).
v. We should pray for deliverance from those who are deceptive (Ps.43:1; 120:2; Ps.72:14).
vi. Beware of those who teach it (Eph.5:6; Col.2:8).
vii. Lay aside every appearance of deceit (2Col 4:2; 1Thess.2:3).
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: How can we protect ourselves from deceivers?
*LESSON FORTY EIGHT (48)*
*TOPIC: BEWARE OF SCOFFERS*
BIBLE PASSAGE: Jude 1:11-18
MEMORY VERSE: “Knowing this first: that scoffers will come in the last days, walking according to their own lusts” 2Peter 3:3 (NKJV).
INTRODUCTION: Scoffer, in Greek – ‘empaiktés,’ simply translates to a mocker. A scoffer mocks sin, Christ, twists God’s word for selfish gains, opposes the gospel, and the things of God. The Bible uses scornful, scorner and scoffer interchangeably which all means mocker. Believers are warned to be careful and be on guard.
OUTLINES:
1. TRAITS TO OBSERVE
2. THE DISPOSITION OF BELIEVERS
1. TRAITS TO OBSERVE
The following are some peculiar traits of scoffers.
i. They deny the truths of Scripture and entice others to go along with their error (Jude 4).
ii. They refuse to believe the word of the Lord and despise God’s ministers (2Chr.36:16).
iii. They question the second coming of the Lord Jesus pointing out the lapse of time and mock those who still wait and yearn for Jesus’ appearance (2 Pet.3:4).
iv. They follow ungodly desires and create divisions in the church (2Pet.3:3; Jude 18-19).
v. They have a form of godliness but deny its power (2 Tim.3:5).
vi. They present lofty-sounding ideas to lead people astray (2 Pet.2:1).
vii. They incite violent acts (Prov.29:8).
viii. They are proud people who make the judgment of God light (Isa.28:14-15).
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: Students should check themselves to see which of the traits stated above is in their lives and say what they will do to make things right.
2. THE DISPOSITION OF BELIEVERS
The proliferation of scoffers is one of the signs of the last days. (2 Pet.3:3). Hence, it is critically important that, believers:
i. Take seriously the commands to study and meditate on God’s word (Ps.1:1-2; Josh.1:8).
ii. Remain in Christ spotless and blameless (2 Pet.3:14; Eph.5:27).
iii. Continue to wait for the appearance of the Lord (Tit.2:13).
iv. Weigh every teaching/preaching with the word of God (Acts 17:11).
v. Know that God is never slack concerning His promises (2 Pet.3:9).
vi. Be established on their holy faith (Jude 20) and remain steadfast to the end (1Cor.16:13; 1Tim.6:12).
vii. Try all spirits (1Jn.4:1).
viii. Grow in grace (2Pet.3:18).
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: How can we protect ourselves from scoffers?
*LESSON FORTY NINE (49)*
*TOPIC: RULES OF ENGAGEMENT*
BIBLE PASSAGE: Isaiah 61:1-3
MEMORY VERSE: “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the message that I tell you.” Jonah 3:2 (NKJV).
INTRODUCTION: Evangelism is the faithful proclamation of the truth of the Scriptures while living our lives as true followers of Jesus. Evangelism can be pretty hard or awkward when we have to confront a family member, a friend, schoolmate, acquaintance, or even a stranger who is not a Christian. Some people may get offended when they hear the gospel but there is no reason to give up. This is why it is expedient for every believer to know the rules of engagement when reaching out to sinners with the gospel.
OUTLINES:
1. THE CONCEPT OF THE GOSPEL
2. PREACHING THE GOSPEL
1. THE CONCEPT OF THE GOSPEL
Believers preparing to minister the gospel to others should equip themselves with the following tips:
A. The fall:
i. The Bible says everyone has sinned (Rom. 3:23).
ii. It says sinners will die because of their sin (Ezek.18:20; Rom.6:23).
B. The good news: God’s good news is amazing.
i. He loves the world so much that He sent Jesus to die for the sins of sinners (Jn.3:16).
ii. Jesus is the only person who has never sinned (1Pet.2:22; 1Jn.3:5).
iii. So, He is the only person who could take the punishment for our sins (Rom.5:8).
iv. He rose from the dead to show us His power (1 Cor.15:4).
v. Jesus is the only path to heaven (Jn.14:6).
C. Qualification for sharing the gospel:
Believers need to share the gospel of Jesus to save the sinful world from destruction. However:
i. Such believer should be sure of their salvation (Jn.3:3; 1Pet.1:23).
ii. Live a pure life (1Jn.3:3).
iii. Be kind and patient (Eph.4:32).
iv. Be prayerful (1Thess.5:17).
v. Study the word of God (2Tim.2:15).
vi. Get wisdom (Prov.4:7) and exhibit other good and godly virtues (Phil.4:8).
D. The Bible also says we are to share the gospel with no excuses (Matt.28:19-20; Acts 1:8; 1Pet. 3:15).
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: Students should discuss their first experience during evangelism.
2. PREACHING THE GOSPEL
A. There are lots of reasons believers should share their faith wherever they go. Be encouraged that there is no “right” or “wrong” way to share the gospel (Eph.4:11-16). Some believers have a very easy time talking about Jesus to others. Believers can, however, follow these procedures:
i. Seek and pray for opportunities to preach to someone (2Pet.1:11).
ii. Be cheerful and present your facts about salvation in a very simple way using simple language (Acts 17:23).
iii. Share the testimony of your own salvation (Acts 22:6-9).
iv. Tell the person to confess his/her sins and accept Jesus as his/her Lord and Saviour (Rom.10:9-10).
v. Remember to pray for the person you have preached to (Eph.1:15-16).
B. Take advantage of technology:
In this era of technological advancement and social media proliferation, many souls can be reached for Christ via the various platforms available (Facebook, WhatsApp, telegram, Tik-Tok, Twitter, Instagram, etc.). Do not be ashamed of sharing the gospel of our Lord Jesus with friends, families, old schoolmates (Rom.1:16). This act is our obligation as followers of Christ and it carries the power and backing of God for the salvation of souls that are perishing (Jn.14:12; Matt.28:19-20; Mk.16:15-18). Do not just be a social influencer, be a kingdom/gospel influencer (Tit.2:7).
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: How can we preach the gospel using the social media?
*LESSON FIFTY (50)*
*TOPIC: KATARTISMOS*
BIBLE PASSAGE: Ephesians 4:8-16
MEMORY VERSE: “For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:” Ephesians 4:12 (NKJV).
INTRODUCTION: ‘Katartismos’ from the word ‘Katartizo’ is a concept in Greek that means to mend, repair, make whole, or perfect. It also means to make something or someone completely adequate or sufficient for a purpose or task. The basic idea is that of putting a thing into the condition in which it ought to be. This concept is however used in relation to the perfecting and equipping of saints for the God-given assignments committed to them. God wants His people to become perfect in all ramifications (Gen.17:1). He desires nothing less than perfection (Matt.5:48). Perfection is possible for all saints in Christ.
OUTLINES:
1. THE SAINTS DESCRIBED
2. STEPS TO PERFECTION
1.THE SAINTS DESCRIBED
A. Teacher should define ‘saint’ as stated below:
i. The word “Saint” comes from the Greek word hagios, which means “consecrated to God, holy, sacred, pious.” It is almost always used in the plural, “Saints.” (Acts 9:13,32; 26:10; Phil 4:21). These are the group of people set apart for the Lord and His kingdom.
ii. Scripturally speaking, the “saints” are the body of Christ, Christians, the Church. Christians are considered as saints (1Cor.1:2). They are called to be saints, to increasingly allow their daily life to closely match their position in Christ. This is the biblical description and calling of the saints.
iii. The saints are both on earth and in heaven (Ps.16:3; Matt.27:52; Zech.14:5).
iv. Everyone who has received Jesus Christ by faith is a saint (Ps.89:7; Acts 9:32, 41; Acts 26:10; Rom.1:7).
B. Saints are called to revere, worship, and pray to God alone (Ps.149:1-9).
i. Every believer becomes a saint at salvation through the cleansing of sin by the blood of Jesus.
ii. At this point (of salvation) the righteousness of Christ is imputed on the believer: he is no longer a sinner but a saint in Christ (Eph.2:6-8).
C. Caution for saints:
i. However, as long as the believer is in this world, temptations and trials are inevitable.
ii. He must therefore work out his salvation with fear and trembling (Phil.2:5).
D. Godly character of saints:
There are three references referring to godly character of saints: They must live worthy (Rom.12:1-2), they are to build up the body of Christ (Eph.4:12), they are to be free from immorality or any impurity or greed (Eph.5:3).
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: Are you a saint?
2. STEPS TO PERFECTION
There are vital steps that help in building and perfecting the saints. These include:
a. Study God’s word (Acts 20:32):
i. It is the food for the saints (1Pet.5:2; Heb. 5:12-13; 1Pet.2:2).
ii. It cleanses them (believers) always (Jn. 15:3; Eph. 5:26).
iii. it continually trains them for perfection (2Tim.3:16-17).
iv. God uses it primarily to equip His saints (Ps.119:9-11; Ps.1:2-3, Josh.1:8).
b. Focus on Jesus: The saints continually get perfected as much as they look to Jesus their master (Heb.12:1-2).
c. Aim for the Prize of the high calling:
i. Believers get perfected by setting their gaze on the prize of the high calling in Christ Jesus (Phil. 3:14)
ii. We are to shed off the weights and sins that easily beset us (Heb.12:1)
iii. We must Bring our physical body into subjection (1Cor.9:26-27).
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: Students should mention what they are doing to ensure they become saints.
*LESSON FIFTY ONE (51)*
*TOPIC: THE RETURN OF CHRIST*
BIBLE PASSAGE: 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
MEMORY VERSE: “Who also said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven.” Acts 1:11 (NKJV).
INTRODUCTION: Acts 1:10-11 describes the ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ as personal, bodily, and visible, and that His second coming will be in like manner. However, the second coming will be in two stages: the rapture which will be sudden (1Thess. 4:15-17) – when the Lord comes for His saints and we meet Him in the air and then, the revelation that is public (Rev.1:7) – when the Lord comes with His saints to set up the millennium, at the end of the great tribulation period (1Thess.3:13). The time of His coming is a secret that only God the Father knows (Matt. 24:36).
OUTLINES:
1. PROPHECIES AND PURPOSE OF HIS SECOND COMING
2. THE MANNER OF HIS COMING AND ITS SIGNS
1. PROPHECIES AND PURPOSE OF HIS SECOND COMING
A. The first coming of our Lord Jesus Christ was prophesied among other prophecies that have come to pass. This gives us great confidence that the prophecies of the second coming will also be fulfilled.
B. Christ’s second coming was foretold:
i. By the prophets (Dan.7:13).
ii. By Jesus Himself (Matt.25:31).
iii. By Paul (1 Tim.6:14).
iv. By angels (Acts 1:10-11).
C. Christ is coming again:
1.To complete the salvation of saints. He has delivered us from the power and penalty of sin but then He shall deliver us from the presence of sin and Satan (Heb.9:28).
2.To be glorified and admired in His saints (2 Thess.1:10).
3.To bring to light the hidden things of darkness (1 Cor. 4:5).
4.To judge (2 Tim.4:1) and to reign (Rev.11:15).
5.To receive us to be with Himself (Jn.14:3) and to destroy death (1 Cor.15:25-26).
CLASS ACTIVITY 1: Students should say what they have been doing to prepare for the coming of the Lord.
THE MANNER OF HIS COMING AND ITS SIGNS
A. At the rapture, saints will meet Christ in the air (1 Thess.4:17); at the revelation, we will descend with Him to the earth.
i. Christ is coming in the clouds (Matt.24:30).
ii. In the glory of His Father (Matt.16:27).
iii. In His own glory (Matt.25:31).
iv. In flaming fire (2 Thess.1:8).
v. With power and great glory (Matt.24:30).
vi. Bodily, as He ascended (Acts.1:9-11).
vii. With a shout and voice of the archangel (1Thess.4:16).
viii. With His saints (1 Thess.3:13).
ix. Accompanied by angels (Matt.16:27).
x. Suddenly (Mk.13:36).
B. Signs of His coming:
2Timothy 3:1-7 lists 23 signs of His coming, most of which are very evident today. Matthew 24:5-7, 12-38 also lists 10 signs, which are: the appearance of false Christs; wars and rumours of wars; famines; pestilences; earthquakes; iniquity to abound; the love of many will wax cold; people will be eating, drinking, merry-making. Other signs include: the destruction of Jerusalem (Lk.21:20, 24); the completion of the Church (Rom.11: 25); the Gospel must be preached everywhere (Matt.24:14) and the coming of the antichrist (2Thess.2:3-8).
C. While we ought to plan and work as if He will not be coming for another century, we must live a holy and pure life all the time as if He will return today (1Thess.3:12-13). This most important doctrine must affect our lives. It should keep us busy, preaching the gospel day in, day out, praying, and watching with all perseverance (Eph.6:18).
CLASS ACTIVITY 2: What are the signs of Christ’s second coming that you have seen around you?
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